One of the periods of glaciation was also termed the Wisconsin glaciation.
Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state of the United States, (54,314 square miles) and 18th greatest population (5,453,896 as of 2002). The state's name is an English version of a French adaptation of an Indian name said to mean "the place where we live."
Wisconsin's natural beauty has made the state a favorite playground of the nation. Vacationers enjoy the state's clean lakes, rolling hills, quiet valleys, deep forests and cool, pine-scented breezes. So many Chicago residents own summer homes in upper-central Wisconsin (mainly between Wisconsin Dells and Adams-Friendship) that local residents nickname the area "Little Chicago". More affluent Chicago residents own lake-side summer homes on Lake Geneva in Wisconsin.
The winters are ideal for skating, skiing, snowmobiling and tobogganing. Many communities stage curling matches during the winter and others hold snowmobile derbies. Many annual events celebrate the state's rich ethnic heritage and diversity.
Known as "The Dairy State", Wisconsin is also known for cheese (Wisconsinites humorously nickname themselves "Cheeseheads" and commonly wear orange foam hats that look like wedges of an orange Swiss cheese to sports events, concerts, and other public gatherings), beer, bratwurst, cranberries and many festivals, such as Summerfest and the EAA Oshkosh Airshow.
USS Wisconsin was named in honor of this state.
Wisconsin's political history encompasses, on the one hand, Fighting Bob La Follette and the Progressive movement; and on the other, Joe McCarthy, the anti-communist "witch-hunter" of the 1950s. The first Socialist mayor of a large city in the United States was Emil Seidel, elected mayor of Milwaukee in 1910; another Socialist, Daniel Hoan, was mayor of Milwaukee from 1916 to 1940.
Main Article: History of Wisconsin
In 1634, Frenchman Jean Nicolet became Wisconsin's first European explorer. The French controlled the area until 1763, when it was ceded to the British.
After the American Revolutionary War, Wisconsin was a part of the U.S.Northwest Territory. It was then governed as part of Indiana Territory, Illinois Territory, and Michigan Territory. Wisconsin Territory was organized on July 3, 1836 and became the 30th state on May 29, 1848.
Law and Government
It is bordered by Lake Superior and Michigan to the north, by Lake Michigan to the east, by Illinois to the south, and by Iowa and Minnesota to the west. Part of the state's boundaries includes the Mississippi River and St. Croix River.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2003, Wisconsin's population was estimated at 5,472,299 people.
The racial makeup of the state is:
6.4% of Wisconsin's population were reported as under 5, 25.5% under 18, and 13.1% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.6% of the population.
Important cities and villages
Cities in Wisconsin with population of 50,000 or more as of 2000 include:
Other cities include:
Colleges and universities
Professional sports teams
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