March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). There are 297 days remaining.
- 1841 - The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Amistad case that the Africans who seized control of the ship had been taken into slavery illegally.
- 1847 - Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Vera Cruz.
- 1862 - American Civil War: The first battle between two ironclad warships - In a five-hour battle near Hampton Roads, Virginia the USS Monitor fights the CSS Virginia to a draw.
- 1916 - Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17.
- 1924 - Italy annexes Fiume.
- 1933 - Great Depression: The United States Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to Congress.
- 1945 - World War II: Bombing of Tokyo - American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs.
- 1954 - Mccarthyism: CBS broadcasts the See It Now episode, "A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy," produced by Edward R. Murrow.
- 1959 - The Barbie doll debuts.
- 1964 - The first Ford Mustang rolls off the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.
- 1967 - Josef Stalin's daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defects to the United States.
- 1975 - Construction of the Alaskan oil pipeline begins.
- 1977 - Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims take over three buildings in Washington, DC, killing one person and taking more than 130 hostages. The hostage situation ends two days later.
- 1986 - United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily-damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle Challenger. The bodies of all seven astronauts were still inside.
- 1987 - Rock band U2 release the classic album The Joshua Tree.
- 1989 - A strike forces financially-troubled Eastern Airlines into bankruptcy.
- 1990 - Dr. Antonia Novello is sworn in as Surgeon General of the United States, becoming the first female and Hispanic American to serve in that position.
- 1990 - Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Clyde Wells confirms he will rescind Newfoundland's approval of the Meech Lake Accord, effectively killing the Accord.
- 1991 - Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milosevic in Belgrade. Two people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
- 1993 - Rodney King testifies at the federal trial of four Los Angeles, California police officers accused of violating King's civil rights when they beat him during an arrest.
- 2004 - John Allen Mohammed is sentenced to death for his part in the Beltway sniper attacks of October 2002. Lee Boyd Malvo is sentenced to life in prison.
- 2004 - Attack on an Istanbul restaurant
- 1213 - Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
- 1454 - Amerigo Vespucci, explorer and cartographer (d. 1512)
- 1697 - Friederike Caroline Neuber, actress (d. 1760)
- 1749 - Honore Mirabeau, politician (d. 1791)
- 1763 - William Cobbett, journalist and author (d. 1835)
- 1856 - Eddie Foy, singer, dancer, vaudeville performer (d. 1928)
- 1892 - Vita Sackville-West, writer, gardener (d. 1962)
- 1900 - Howard Aiken, computing pioneer (d. 1973)
- 1902 - Will Geer, actor (d. 1978)
- 1910 - Samuel Barber, American composer (d. 1981)
- 1918 - Mickey Spillane, mystery writer
- 1918 - George Lincoln Rockwell, American Nazi leader (d. 1967)
- 1923 - Walter Kohn, physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1998)
- 1924 - Peter Scholl-Latour, journalist
- 1934 - Yuri Gagarin, cosmonaut, first human in space (d. 1968)
- 1937 - Mickey Gilly, country music performer
- 1940 - John Cale, composer, musician
- 1940 - Raúl Juliá, actor (d. 1994)
- 1943 - Bobby Fischer, chess player
- 1943 - Charles Gibson, television journalist
- 1948 - Jeffrey Osborne, singer
- 1950 - Danny Sullivan, automobile racer
- 1950 - Doug Ault, Major League Baseball player
- 1960 - Linda Fiorentino, actress
- 1964 - Juliette Binoche, actress
- 1965 - Benito Santiago, baseball player
- 1973 - Aaron Boone, Major League Baseball All-Star
- 1981 - Antonio Bryant, American football wide receiver
- 1987 - Bow Wow, rap musician, actor
- 1954 - Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, astronomer, (b. 1912)
- 1964 - Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (b. 1870)
- 1981 - Max Delbrück, biologist, (b. 1906)
- 1989 - Robert Mapplethorpe, artist, (b. 1946)
- 1992 - Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, (b. 1913)
- 1993 - C. Northcote Parkinson, historian and writer (b. 1909)
- 1994 - Charles Bukowski, poet, writer, (b.1920)
- 1996 - George Burns, actor, singer, (b. 1896)
- 1997 - The Notorious B.I.G., rap musician, (b. 1972 as Christopher Wallace)
- 2000 - Ivo Robić, singer and songwriter - Croatia, Mister Morgen, (b 1923
- 2003 - Stan Brakhage, filmmaker, (b. 1933)
- 2003 - Bernard Dowiyogo, former president of Nauru, (b. 1946)
- 2004 - Albert Mol, actor (b.1917)
- 2004 - Robert Pastorelli, actor (b. 1954)
Holidays and observances
Recorded this day
- 1899 "I Guess I'll Have To Telegraph My Baby" (w.m. George M. Cohan)
- 1916 "I Can Dance With Everybody But My Wife" (w. Joseph Cawthorn & John Golden m. John Golden)
- Joseph Cawthorn with O/Harold Vicars
- 1917 "Rufus Johnson's Harmony Band" (w.m. Shelton Brooks & Maurice Abrahams)
- 1917 "Let's All Be Americans Now" (w.m. Irving Berlin, Edgar Leslie & George W. Meyer)
- 1927 "It All Depends On You" (w. B. G. De Sylva & Lew Brown m. Ray Henderson)
- 1928 "Collegiana" (w. Dorothy Fields m. Jimmy McHugh)
- Fred Waring, Tom Waring & chorus with Waring's Pennsylvanians
- 1928 "Dancing Tambourine" (m. W. C. Polla)
- 1930 "I'll See You In My Dreams" (w. Gus Kahn m. Isham Jones)
- 1931 "I'll Be Good Because Of You" (w.m. Ray Noble & Alan Murray)
- 1931 "Hello! Beautiful" (w.m. Walter Donaldson)
- 1931 "Hurt" (w.m. Al Piantadosi & Harold Solomon)
- Pat O'Malley with Jack Hylton & His Orchestra
- 1934 "Judy" (w.m. Hoagy Carmichael & Sammy Lerner)
- 1934 "Moon Country" (w. Johnny Mercer m. Hoagy Carmichael)
- 1934 "My Last Year's Girl" (Alter, Swanstrom)
- Jack Hulbert with O/Ray Noble
- 1935 "Flowers For Madame" (w.m. Charles Tobias, Charles Newman & Murray Mencher)
- Al Bowlly with Ray Noble & his Orchestra
- 1935 "You're A Heavenly Thing" (w. Joe Young m. Little Jack Little)
- Edith Caldwell with Orville Knapp
- 1937 "The Love Bug Will Bite You" (w.m. Pinky Tomlin)
- Pinky Tomlin with O/Joe Haymes
- 1938 "Please Be Kind" (w. Sammy Cahn m. Saul Chaplin)
- 1939 "I Never Knew Heaven Could Speak" (w. Mack Gordon m. Harry Revel)
- Bob Allen with Hal Kemp & his Orchestra
- 1939 "Between A Kiss And A Sigh" (w. Johnny Burke m. Arthur Johnston)
- Chick Henderson with Joe Loss & his Band
- 1942 "Blues In The Night" (w. Johnny Mercer m. Harold Arlen)
- Jo Stafford with Tommy Dorsey & his Orchestra
- 1942 "I Threw A Kiss In The Ocean" (w.m. Irving Berlin)
- 1942 "Somewhere A Voice Is Calling" (w. Eileen Newton m. Arthur F. Tate)
- 1942 "Digger" (w.m. Jack Lumsdaine)
- Jack Lumsdaine vocal and piano
- 1942 "Wouldn't It?" (w.m. Jack Lumsdaine)
- Jack Lumsdaine & Ward Leopold with p. Jack Lumsdaine
- 1942 "Well, Git It!" (m. Sy Oliver)
- 1942 "The Night We Called It A Day" (w. Tom Adair m. Matt Dennis)
- Jo Stafford & Pied Pipers with Tommy Dorsey & his Orchestra
- 1945 "Yah-Ta-Ta, Yah-Ta-Ta" (w. Johnny Burke m. James Van Heusen)
- Bing Crosby & Judy Garland with O/Joseph Lilley
- 1945 "Connecticut" (Hugh Martin, Ralph Blane)
- 1948 "Hear My Song, Violetta" (w. (Ger) Ermenegildo Carosio & Othmar Klose (Eng) Buddy Bernier & Bob Emmerich m. Rudolf Luckesch & Othmar Klose)
- Anne Ziegler & Webster Booth with O/George Melachrino
- 1949 "All Right Louie, Drop The Gun" (Carter, Johnson)
- 1949 "Bop! Goes My Heart" (w. Walter Bishop m. Jule Styne)
- Marion Hutton with O/Dean Elliott
- 1949 "Put Your Shoes On, Lucy" (w.m. Hank Fort)
- Russ Morgan & his Orchestra
- 1949 "Some Enchanted Evening" (w. Oscar Hammerstein II m. Richard Rodgers)
- 1949 "I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Outa My Hair" (w. Oscar Hammerstein II m. Richard Rodgers)
- Jo Stafford w. Starlighters with O/Paul Weston
- 1950 "The Canasta Song" (w.m. Saxie Dowell, Jimmy Crum, Clyde McCoy & Cliff Parman)
- Rosemary Clooney with O/Percy Faith with harmonica Eddy Manson
- 1950 "I Only Saw Him Once" (w.m. Joan Whitney & Alex Kramer)
- Rosemary Clooney with O/Percy Faith
- 1950 "A Good Time Was Had By All" (w.m. Dave Franklin)
- Rosemary Clooney with O/Percy Faith with harmonica Eddy Manson
- 1950 "Me And My Teddy Bear" (w.m. J. Fred Coots & Leo Talent)
- 1951 "Tahiti, My Island" (w. Mack David & Lela Rogers m. Victor Young)
- 1955 "I Cover The Waterfront" (w. Edward Heyman m. John Green)
- 1955 "Young And Foolish" (w. Arnold B. Horwitt m. Albert Hague)
- Jo Stafford with O/Paul Weston
- 1955 "Be Sure, Beloved" (Sigman, White)
- 1956 "Moonglow and Theme From Picnic" (medley)
- 1961 "How Wonderful To Know" (w. (Eng) Kermit Goel (Ital.) Domenico Titomanglio m. Salvatore D'Esposito)
- 1961 "Bilbao Song" (w. (Eng) Johnny Mercer w. (Ger) Bertolt Brecht m. Kurt Weill)
- Andy Williams with O/Archie Bleyer
- 1965 "Venice Blue" (w.m. Charles Aznavour)
- Bobby Darin with O/Ernie Freeman
- 1965 "In A World Without You" (Bobby Darin)
- 1966 "God Only Knows" (Brian Wilson, T. Asher)
March 8 - March 10 - February 9 - April 9 -- listing of all days
eo:9-a de marto
es:9 de marzo
pt:9 de Março