July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining.
- 1223 - In France, Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
- 1789 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
- 1791 - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
- 1798 - The Sedition Act becomes United States law making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
- 1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
- 1940 - World War II: Andrew George Latta McNaughton takes command of the 7th Army Corps consisting of British, Canadian and New Zealand troops.
- 1951 - In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
- 1958 - Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation's new leader.
- 1965 - Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
- 1966 - In Chicago, Illinois, Richard Speck murders eight student nurses in their dormitory.
- 2000 - George Speight, the principal instigator of the Fiji coup of 2000, was arrested with 369 of his followers and charged with treason.
- 2001 - The International Olympic Committee votes for Beijing to be the host of the 2008 Olympics. This is the first time that China had been bestowed this honor.
- 2002 - During Bastille Day celebrations, Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed.
- 1602 - Jules Mazarin, statesman and cardinal (d. 1661)
- 1857 - Emmeline Pankhurst, suffragette (d. 1928)
- 1860 - Owen Wister, author, "The Virginian" (d. 1938)
- 1862 - Gustav Klimt, painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
- 1868 - Gertrude Bell, archaeologist, writer, spy and administrator known as the "Uncrowned Queen of Iraq" (d. 1926)
- 1904 - Isaac Bashevis Singer, author (d. 1991)
- 1910 - William Hanna, animator (d. 2001)
- 1912 - Northrop Frye, educator, literary critic (d. 1991)
- 1912 - Woody Guthrie, folk musician. (d. 1967)
- 1913 - Gerald Ford, American president
- 1916 - Natalia Ginzburg, writer (d. 1991)
- 1918 - Ingmar Bergman, film and theatre director
- 1918 - Arthur Laurents, playwright, novelist, and director
- 1919 - Lino Ventura, actor (d. 1987)
- 1926 - Harry Dean Stanton, actor
- 1927 - John Chancellor, television commentator (d. 1996)
- 1938 - Jerry Rubin, 60s activist (d. 1994)
- 1939 - George E. Slusser, scholar, professor & writer
- 1941 - Maulana Karenga, author & activist
- 1967 - Robin Ventura, baseball player
- 1977 - Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
- 1223 - Philip II of France, King of France
- 1742 - Richard Bentley, English Classical scholar
- 1881 - Billy the Kid, outlaw (b. 1860)
- 1887 - Alfred Krupp (Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach), German munitions manufacturer
- 1904 - Anton Chekhov - Russian playwright and short story writer
- 1965 - Adlai Stevenson, US presidential candidate
- 1999 - Gar Samuelson, musician (Megadeth)
- 2000 - William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor of Church history emeritus at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (b. 1920)
- 2002 - Joaquin Balaguer, Dominican political leader
- 2002 - Qiqi, the longest-living captive Chinese River Dolphin
- 2003 - André Claveau, French singer.
Holidays and observances
July 13 - July 15 - June 14 - August 14 -- listing of all days
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