February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 329 days remaining (330 in leap years).
- 1576 - Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France.
- 1631 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston.
- 1778 - South Carolina becomes the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
- 1782 - Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.
- 1846 - The Oregon Spectator becomes the first newspaper on the Pacific coast of the United States.
- 1885 - King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession.
- 1881 - Phoenix, Arizona is incorporated.
- 1917 - The constitution of Mexico is adopted.
- 1919 - Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists.
- 1922 - DeWitt and Lila Wallace publish the first issue of Reader's Digest.
- 1924 - UTC: Hourly time signals from Royal Greenwich Observatory are broadcast for the first time.
- 1937 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1945 - World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
- 1953 - The movie Peter Pan premieres (Roxy Theatre, New York City).
- 1958 - Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
- 1958 - A nuclear bomb is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
- 1961 - The Sunday Telegraph publishes its first issue.
- 1962 - French President Charles De Gaulle calls for allowing Algeria to be an independent nation.
- 1971 - Apollo 14 lands on the Moon.
- 1972 - Bob Douglas becomes the first African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
- 1978 - The Blizzard of 1978, one of the worst Nor'easters ever to hit New England, formed.
- 1988 - Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling and money laundering charges.
- 1991 - A Michigan court bars Dr. Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.
- 1994 - Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.
- 1997 - The so-called "Big Three" banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
- 1997 - Morgan Stanley and Dean Witter investment banks announce a $10 billion merger.
- 1999 - Mike Tyson is sentenced to a year's imprisonment for the August 31, 1998 assault on two people.
- 2001 - Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman announced that they had separated.
- 2003 - U.S. plan to invade Iraq: Colin Powell addresses the UN Security Council on Iraq.
- 2004 - 19 Chinese people drown when a group of 35 cockle-pickers are trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England.
- 1600 - Dr. Johan Picardt, doctor and author
- 1608 - Caspar Schott, scientist
- 1626 - Marie Marquise de Sévigné, author
- 1748 - Christian Gottlieb Neefe, organist/composer
- 1788 - Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1850)
- 1808 - Carl Spitzweg, painter (d. 1885)
- 1810 - Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist
- 1837 - Dwight L. Moody, evangelist (d. 1899)
- 1840 - John Boyd Dunlop, inventor (d. 1921)
- 1848 - Joris-Karl Huysmans, author (d. 1907)
- 1848 - Belle Starr, outlaw (d. 1889)
- 1878 - André Citroën, automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
- 1900 - Adlai Stevenson, politician (d. 1965)
- 1904 - Walter Gross, cabaretist (d. 1989)
- 1906 - John Carradine, actor (d. 1988)
- 1908 - Daisy and Violet Hilton, conjoined twins, actresses (d. 1969)
- 1914 - William S. Burroughs, American author (d. 1997)
- 1919 - Red Buttons, actor
- 1919 - Andreas Papandreou, Greek politician (d. 1996)
- 1928 - Andrew Greeley, priest, novelist
- 1929 - Fred Sinowatz, politician
- 1930 - John A. Gambling, radio show host (d. 2004)
- 1934 - Hank Aaron, Baseball Hall of Famer
- 1935 - Sandra Paretti, author (d. 1994)
- 1940 - H.R. Giger, artist
- 1941 - Kaspar Villiger, former member of the Swiss Federal Council
- 1942 - Roger Staubach, Football Hall of Famer
- 1943 - Nolan Bushnell, video game pioneer
- 1943 - Craig Morton, American football star
- 1944 - Al Kooper, musician
- 1944 - Michael Mann, director, writer, producer
- 1945 - Charlotte Rampling, actress
- 1947 - Darrell Waltrip, automobile racer
- 1948 - Christopher Guest, actor, writer, director, composer
- 1948 - Barbara Hershey, actress
- 1956 - Richard S. Stamos New York writer, artist, nascent scientist, Cartesan Agnostic.
- 1964 - Laura Linney, actress
- 1964 - Duff McKagen, Guns N'Roses
- 1966 - Rok Petrovič, Slovenian alpine skier (d. 1993)
- 1968 - Roberto Alomar, baseball player
- 1969 - Bobby Brown, singer
- 1972 - Mary E. Donaldson, Crown Princess of Denmark
- 1984 - Carlos Tevez, Argentina football striker
- 1985 - Cristiano Ronaldo, football player
- 995 - William IV, Duke of Aquitaine
- 1818 - King Charles XIII / Carl II of Sweden-Norway (b. 1748)
- 1881 - Thomas Carlyle, essayist and historian (b. 1795)
- 1915 - Ross Barnes, baseball player (b. 1850)
- 1922 - Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)
- 1946 - George Arliss, actor (b. 1868)
- 1966 - Ludwig Binswanger, existential psychiatrist (b. 1881)
- 1972 - Marianne Moore, poet (b. 1887)
- 1991 - Dean Jagger, actor
- 1993 - Joseph L. Mankiewicz, writer, producer, director (b. 1909)
- 1999 - Wassily Leontief, economist
Holidays and observances
February 4 - February 6 - January 5 - March 5 -- listing of all days
ca:5 de febrer
es:5 de febrero
eo:5-a de februaro
oc:5 de febrièr