ar:دبي da:Dubai de:Dubai eo:Dubajo es:Dubai et:Dubai (emiraat) fr:Doubai ja:ドバイ nl:Dubai sv:Dubai
Dubai or Dubayy (in Arabic: دبي) is both one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates on the Arabian Peninsula, and the main city of the emirate, sometimes called "Dubai City" if necessary to distinguish.
The emir of Dubai is H.H. Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who is also the Prime Minister of the federation of the United Arab Emirates. The crown prince is H.H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, one of the emir's younger brothers.
Dubai is the second largest emirate in the federation after Abu Dhabi. The emirate is located on the Persian Gulf, southwest of Sharjah and northeast of Abu Dhabi, and reaches into the interior. The town of Hatta forms the southern portion of the emirate of Dubai and borders with Wajajah, Oman.
History of Dubai
There was a pearl-diving and fishing community at the mouth of Dubai Creek for many centuries, but modern Dubai dates its existence to the 1830s when the Bani Yas tribe under the Al-Maktoum family settled there and renounced allegiance to Abu Dhabi. Successive sheikhs encouraged contacts with outsiders, especially the British, who made Dubai a regular port of call.
Dubai has since become an important tourist destination, helped by its rapidly-expanding airline Emirates, which is headed by Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, an uncle of the emir. Dubai is also diversifying as a hub for service based industries such as IT and finance, with the new Dubai International Financial Centre or DIFC. The government has set up enclaves and freezones for industry specific corporations. Dubai Internet City, now combined with Dubai Media City as part of TECOM is one such enclave and houses IT companies such as Oracle, Microsoft and IBM, and media organisations such as MBC, CNN, Reuters and AP.
The annual Dubai Shopping Festival (DSF) draws shoppers from the Indian subcontinent and around the region. Other, smaller shopping festivals such as Dubai Summer Surprises are held throughout the year.
The city has many malls such as City Centre, Lamcy Plaza, Al Ghurair Centre and Wafi Centre that house international stores, theaters, gaming arcades and foodcourts.
Real Estate and Property
Dubai's land-reclamation projects The Palm, Jebel Ali Palm, The World and Palm Island will be the world's largest artificial island complexes, developed with villas, golf courses and holiday resorts.
The city is also dotted with modern skyscrapers such as Emirates Towers which are the the 12th and 23rd tallest buildings in the world.  (http://www.emporis.com/en/bu/sk/st/tp/ty/ho/), and Burj Al Arab, a five star deluxe hotel on the Arabian Ocean, which is the second tallest hotel in the world.
Emaar properties claims to be on course to construct the world's tallest building, Burj Dubai. The corporation claims .."Burj Dubai's height is a closely guarded secret but it will beat all records and on a scale that will be a dramatic testament to Dubai's faith in the future."
Stamps and postal history of Dubai
A post office of British India was opened August 19, 1909. It used the stamps of India on mail, with postmark "Dubai Persian Gulf", until India's independence in 1947, then stamps of Pakistan until March 31, 1948. Pakistan also becoming independent, the British government set up a postal administration for Eastern Arabia and used overprinted British stamps until January 7, 1961, when Dubai issued its own stamps inscribed "Trucial States". (Despite the name, these were only on sale in Dubai's post office.)
The Dubai Post Department took over the postal service June 14, 1963 and the following day issued a series of stamps depicting sea life, views of Dubai, and Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. This was the opening salvo of a barrage of issue over the next few years; the emirate discovered that stamp collectors were willing to give it money for colored labels with "Dubai" printed on them, and by the time the postal system was merged with that of other emirates, in mid-1972, it had issued over 400 stamps, few of which ever saw usage on mail.
People living in Dubaiexpatriates, with UAE Nationals (Emiratis) constituting the minority. The vast majority of these expatriates come from the Indian subcontinent and the Philippines.
Nearly all the commercial establishments are run by expatriates with a silent local partner who "rents" the business license for a negotiated fee. The numerous free trade zones allow for full expatriate ownership.
Language & Religion
Dubai has several universities, including:
UAE pictures taken from http://www.gardkarlsen.com/dubai.htm