The Buryat Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Буря́тия; Buryat: Буряад Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Respublika Buryatiya.
Major rivers include:
Buryatia is located on the shores of the Lake Baikal (60% of the shore line).
Over 80% of republic's territory is located in the mountainous region.
The area of the modern day Buryatia was first colonized in the 1600s by Russians in search of wealth, furs and gold. In 1923, the republic was created through the union of the Buryat-Mongol and Mongol-Buryat Oblasts.
The head of government in Buryatia is the President. As of 2004, the president is Leonid Vasilyevich Potapov, who was elected in 1998 (with 63.25% of votes), and then re-elected on June 23, 2002 (with over 67% of votes).
The republic's economy is composed of important agricultural and commercial products including wheat, vegetables, potatoes, timber, leather and textiles. Fishing, hunting, fur farming, mining, stock raising and food processing are also important economic generators.
The higher education institutions of the republic include Buryatia State University, Buryat State Academy of Agriculture, East Siberian State Academy of Arts and Culture, and East Siberian State Technological Institute.
Lake Baikal is a popular tourist destination.
de:Burjatien et:Burjaatia Vabariik ja:ブリヤート共和国 ru:Бурятия